About Ankle and Foot Surgery

Foot and ankle surgery is a specialized branch of orthopaedic surgery which deals with various foot pathologies. Diagnosing foot and ankle ailments requires specialized training and the surgeon needs to be well versed with the anatomy and biomechanics of the human foot. More often than not foot problems go undiagnosed leading to a lot of morbidity on the part of the patient. Foot and ankle surgeons provide comprehensive medical and surgical care for a wide spectrum of foot and ankle conditions including common to complex disorders and injuries that affect people of all ages. As a specialised Ankle and Foot Surgeon working with Apollo Gleneagles, Kolkata my goal is to provide comprehensive foot and ankle care and to increase awareness about foot problems. Hence the initiative to launch a dedicated foot and ankle surgery website.

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Adult Acquired Flatfoot Deformity
One of the most common acquired pathologies of the adult foot. Most often it results due to dysfunction of the… View Full →
Hallux Valgus / Bunion Deformity
Lateral deviation of the great toe and medial deviation of the first metatarsal with Progressive incongruency of the first metatarsophalangeal…View Full →
Acute Ankle Sprain
Most common athletic injury. 25% of all injuries in sportsmen. Worldwide the risk of ankle sprains varies with the sport…View Full →
Hallux Rigidus
Hallux rigidus is now the most universally accepted description of a condition in which there is a combination of restricted View Full →
Chronic Achillies Tendon Rupture
The Achilles(TA) is the strongest and thickest tendon in the body as well as the most commonly injured tendon. There is a 25% incidence of missed ruptures on initial evaluation, so a high index of suspicion is necessary on the part of the physician.Patients are usually misled by the inconsequential nature of the trauma, lack of significant pain, and patient’s ability to weakly plantar flex the ankle.Those patients who sustain undiagnosed Achilles ruptures may go on to be considered chronic or neglected ruptures. View Full →
Achillies Tendon Ruptures
The Achilles is the strongest and thickest tendon in the body as well as the most commonly injured tendon. There is a 25% incidence of missed ruptures on initial evaluation, so a high index of suspicion is necessary on the part of the physician. Early surgical repair of the tendon is beneficial. Surgery offers a significantly smaller risk of re-rupture compared to traditional non-operative management as well as faster rehabilitation of the patient.View Full →
Insertional Achillies Tendinitis
This is a degeneration of the fibers of the Achilles tendon directly at its insertion into the heel bone. It… View Full →
Plantar Fasciitis
Plantar Fasciitis or Jogger’s Heel is a common painful disorder affecting the heel and underside of the foot. Approximately 10% of people have plantar fasciitis at some point during their lifetime. It is a disorder of the insertion site of the plantar fascia on the heel bone and is characterized by scarring and inflammation. It is often caused by overuse injury of the plantar fascia,sudden increases in exercise, weight, or age. It is also seen more commonly in people with high arched feet.View Full →
Peroneal Tendinitis
The peroneal tendons run on the outside of the ankle just behind the bone called the fibula. The first is… View Full →
Neuropathic / Diabeticfoot Deformities
Neuropathic arthropathy, also known as Charcot Joint (often "Charcot foot"), refers to progressive degeneration of a weight bearingjoint, a process…View Full →
Mortan's Neuroma Treatment
Morton’s Neuroma occurs as the nerve passes under the ligament connecting the toe bones (metatarsals) in the forefoot. Morton’s neuroma most frequently develops between the third and fourth toes, usually in response to irritation, trauma or excessive pressure. The incidence of Morton’s neuroma is 8 to 10 times greater in women than in men. View Full →
Paralytic Deformitiy Correction
The correction of a paralytic deformity (foot drop, equinovarus and equinovalgus deformity) of the foot by a correctly performed tendon transfer can be satisfying for both the surgeon and the patient. The goal of any tendon transfer to give a stable, functional and plantigrade foot for the patient. View Full →
Tarsal Bones Coalition Treatment
Tarsal coalition is an abnormal connection of two or more bones in the foot. The bones affected — called tarsal bones — are located toward the back of the foot and in the heel, and the connection of the bones can result in a severe, rigid flatfoot.Although tarsal coalition is often present at birth, children typically do not show signs of the disorder until early adolescence. The foot may become stiff and painful, and everyday physical activities are often difficult. View Full →

Clinical Cases

Podiatrist in Kolkata

Dr. Kushal Nag, Podiatrist in Kolkata. Podiatry or podiatric medicine is a branch of medicinedevoted to the study, diagnosis, and medical and surgical treatment of disorders of the foot & ankle.

The term podiatry came into use in the early 20th century in the United States and is now used worldwide, including countries such as the United Kingdom and Australia.

The professional care of feet was in existence in ancient Egypt as evidenced by bas-relief carvings at the entrance pharaoh’s tomb dating from about 2400 BC, where work on hands and feet is depicted.

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