During pregnancy, a woman’s feet need special foot care because of weight gain and hormonal changes. These two factors have a major impact on the body as well as feet. Most of the pregnant women find they are not able to reach their feet in the later stages of pregnancy and suffer from swelling, cramps, aching, itchiness and varicose veins. Foot problems during pregnancy can cause discomfort and they need special care.
Generally, it is advised to gain 25 to 35 pounds during pregnancy for average-sized women which is healthy and essential but also puts extra pressure on the lower limbs, including the feet.
It is a good idea to wear a pair of low, comfortable shoes. During the latter stages of pregnancy, very high heels are going to be difficult, because it will be hard to balance, and not comfortable. Better go for a low heel, which gives a bit of a lift, but will prevent one from stumbling.
Overpronation, commonly known as the flat foot is where the foot arch flattens out and it rolls outwards during walking. This painful situation can come with pregnancy in a few cases, if it happens a podiatrist or foot doctor can help a lot with orthotic insoles and exercises.
Swelling of the feet (oedema):
It is a very common scenario where due to extra liquid in the body a pregnant woman can have swelling of the feet. Plenty of rest and supporting the feet by elevating it while sitting can solve this problem. Placing a cushion under knees, feet, and head while in half-sitting position on the couch can flow the fluid back to kidneys.
Dry foot skin is a common problem for pregnant women. Exfoliation is recommended and to apply moisturizer frequently can help a lot.
Painful leg cramps can bring tears in your eyes. Doctor’s feel it happens due to dehydration and the imbalance of electrolytes. In this case, the elevation of the leg and rest can help.
During pregnancy, the blood volume increases and at the same time the speed at which blood returns from leg to the heart decreases due to the hormone progestin, which causes vasodilation (a widening of your blood vessels). Also Due to standing for a long time with extra body weight can make varicose veins to appear in feet. It is recommended to take rest and maintain intake adequate fluid.
It is recommended to meet a podiatrist in earlier stages of pregnancy and follow all given instructions regularly to avoid foot-related problems during the later stage of pregnancy. Light foot exercise is required during pregnancy but that too should be done as instructed by a podiatrist.